Alternative Aviation Fuels
It is the mission of Paradigm Bio Aviation to pioneer, develop, build and commercialize fully integrated production facilities for the conversion of waste-to-alternative jet fuel. This system would include associated delivery systems into an aircraft.
Paradigm Bio Aviation expects to generate volume production of Waste-to-Energies and liquid fuels at a regional level from local feedstock. These fuels will be used for various applications but will primarily be focused on the aviation industry.
As explained by the Air Transport Action Group, second and third-generation bio-fuels for aviation:
- Use a sustainable resource to produce a fuel that can be considered as a replacement for traditional jet fuel while not consuming valuable food, land and water resources
- Can be sourced and mass grown in locations almost worldwide (including in deserts and salt water)
- Include bio-derived oil sourced from multiple diverse feedstocks such as: jatropha, camelina, algae, halophytes and MSW (Municipal Solid Waste)
- Can contribute significantly towards “zero landfills” and the recycling of materials (including reformation of carbon based organic materials into liquid fuels)
- Have the potential to deliver large quantities of greener fuel for aviation at more stable price-points
In September 2009, the first new standard in 20 years for an Alternative jet fuel was developed by CAAFI for use in aviation with designation ASTM D7566 (this standard equates to D1655 for petroleum jet fuel)
ASTM D7566 Alternative Jet Fuels – Explained
The ASTM certification of Alternative Aviation Fuels is by “Classes” based upon the “Processing” employed and the “Fuel Composition/Properties”
Annex 1: GTL – Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (“SPK”)
Process: Fishcher-Tropsch Hydrogen Treatment
Feedstock: MSW, Biomass, Agricultural Waste, Coal, Natural Gas and Tires
Certification: September 2009
Annex 2: Hydro-Treated Renewable Jet (HEFA aka “HRJ)
Process: Hydrogen Treatment of Renewable Oils (similar to GTL)
Feedstock: Jatropha, Camelina, Canola, Algae, Animal Fats, etc.
Certification: July 2011
Annex 3: Alcohol To Jet with Aromatics (ATJ-A”)
Process: Fermentation of sugars to alcohol/Catalytic conversion: alcohol to fuel
Feedstock: Sugar cane, Corn, Energy Crops, Woody Biomass, etc.